Insight: Toro Rosso backer says F1 teams should pay more attention to cyber attacks
Innovation
Daniil Kvyat
Posted By: Editor   |  15 Dec 2016   |  7:35 am GMT  |  28 comments

In the latest of our occasional series of interviews with interesting players behind the scenes in Formula 1 we meet a Russian scientist, who is keeping the Toro Rosso safe from cyber attacks and who has big plans for using quantum computers to create new F1 materials.

Acronis is a data support and protection business that was founded in 2003. It reportedly has five million personal consumers and 500,000 businesses using its technology in over 145 countries and offers services such as cloud security, data back up and recovery support.

Here James Allen interviews Acronis CEO Serguei Beloussov, who has a PhD in physics and sits on the board of directors at the Russian Quantum Center and Centre for Quantum Technologies in Singapore, about why Acronis has decided to spend its money on F1.

Daniil Kvyat

Q: We hear increasingly about cyber attacks in the outside world, is data encryption and security a first order priority in F1?

SB: I am surprised there are very little security concerns in Formula 1, so somehow I guess Formula 1 is not a big target, for now. It is surprising for me because I am very familiar with the underworld of computer security and everybody is a target. For example, us, we get security attacks every day [as do] Microsoft, Google, anybody.

 F1 IT systems

It is relatively easy to attack sensors (on cars). I technically and mechanically understand how to do it and I’m surprised that nobody hacks in. I’m on the white side of this, but I think it will be a concern and there are definitely [needs for] encryption and protection of data to make it better for Toro Rosso and hopefully for other teams.

But protecting their networks and protecting their systems, I think that should also be a concern [for the teams] and it is not right now.

Q: You are very interested in quantum computing, how is that changing F1?

Serguei Beloussov: I’m a physicist by education and I studied at one of the top institutes for physics so I understand the quantum mechanics field well. Quantum computers was originally proposed by the Nobel prize winner Richard Feynman [who] wrote one of the most popular books about physics.

The problem that he was trying to solve at that time was that in order to model a system of atoms, you need to solve a Heisenberg equation and it’s impossible to solve [that] on a classical computer because [with] the computational complexity on a classical computer you can solve it [with] a ten spin model but say for example [on] a several hundred spin model – several hundred atoms– you cannot solve it anymore. This is because you require a computer that will have two and three hundred times [the] spin.

Now, on a quantum computer at the time of Feynman, [and] he wasn’t thinking about it as a universal computer, you can basically make any system and you can simulate matter and that way you can make material with a necessary quality. For example, if you simulate steel to [have] exactly the [same] behaviour of steel in the case of when you pull it out [and] pull it in. Then you change it a little bit and see what happens.

[With a quantum computer] you can simulate steel and change it a little bit and see what happens in real time. You don’t need to actually make the steel to see what happens. Not only [that], but you can also see how it changes. Basically you can simulate matter and so that’s why you can make new materials.

serguei-beloussov

Q: So let’s bring that to Formula 1 and why you are here.

SB: It’s not exactly related. I think quantum computers for Formula 1; they can do a lot of things because this sport is about new materials. For example they can make 100 times better batteries or ten times better conduction of heat to electricity.

Q: So are quantum computers going to help F1 innovators to build 100 times better batteries?

SB: Yes, because a battery is a set of physical processes that today are instanced like in the old days of alchemy where people change it a little bit and they have some formulas that provide approximate behaviour [but] it’s not fine-tuned. With the quantum computer you can actually simulate the processes precisely and you can make a better battery much faster.

Formula E battery

A Formula E battery

What happens every year with batteries is that people make a battery, measure it, look at it and then they change it a little bit and it gets worse so they change [another] little bit and it gets better, and then the next case is a little bit of a better battery. [But] with a quantum computer you can do all of this at once in one big step and you get to the ultimate final product. Everything in the F1 cars is materials so quantum computers can change them a lot.

Q: So it that your interest here, marketing and materials?

SB: Quantum computers have relatively little to do with Acronis. [But], we are interested in quantum computers because there is some application in quantum technology [and] also it is my personal interest.

For Formula 1, we are interested because there is a lot of data. Almost every sponsor in F1 has a lot of different products that have some relation to F1, but [they] have a lot of other products that have no relation to F1.

Carlos Sainz

Red Bull, people can drink Red Bull, but there is not a direct relation. Banking is another one; there is no direct relation. But for us, we have five products at the moment: back up, recovery, storage, file sharing and monitoring [and] every product can be used in Formula 1. Two products are used; the other three will be used before the end of next year.

They can be used to make the sensors more reliable. Everything in [F1] is computers. Everybody has some kind of computer [and] everything is modelled, and if the computers break that is bad.

We can make everything faster – that is also important because you can collect more data and send more data to [the Toro Rosso factory at] Faenza and they can analyse it better. And we can make sensors cheaper. And cheaper is very important because if you look at Formula 1 in the days of Niki Lauda, IT budgets were one per cent, [maybe] 0.1 per cent. But if you look at Formula 1 today it’s like ten per cent because you have all of the systems that simulate the behaviour of the car.

You have computational fluid dynamics that simulates the behaviour of the car, so it is a very significant part of the budget. So, every part of the budget that you can save you can spend on engineering.

Q: Formula 1 is technology driven sport – is that what attracts you?

SB: Yes, I like it. It is good. It is a little bit sad that the regulations do not make it more competitive, and I’m not sure why because it is not difficult. They talk about it and one thing they should do, I think, [is] that for all of the teams you should limit their budgets. That’s a main parameter – I think it’s not fun when you have teams with completely different budgets trying to compete. It can be different, but let’s say you [used to] have 150m-100m and now you have 50m to 500m.

2016 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix

Otherwise it is a good sport. I think something that is sad is that there is not enough attention [paid] to designers and to engineers. There is [some], but not really enough I think. [With] the engineers – how many people know the names of the drivers? Many. How many people know the names of the constructors? Very few. In fact in many cases constructors are more important that the drivers.

[But] I think it is a good sport. Although I think all of the teams need to beef up their security. Personally, I am puzzled how the teams are not really caring about security. It’s very strange.

Q: But Ferrari has a relationship with Kaspersky, presumably everyone has a relationship like that?

SB: Not everybody. Even Kaspersky, I don’t think they do too much for security. I know Kaspersky very well personally and they are a big partner [of Acronis] – they sell our products and we sell their products, and their head of security research is working for me and they employ many people [from us].

We have 1,000 people but 500 are in Russia and in Russia we are one of the top three employers for top engineers. Kaspersky is another one, and so we definitely have a lot of exchanges and so I don’t think it’s used as much for Ferrari.

What do you make of Beloussov’s comments? Leave your thoughts in the comment section below or head over to the JA on F1 Facebook page for more discussion.

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28 comments

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1

Sounds like he's trying to scare up some business.

2

This guy's a bit full of himself is he not?

3

The stuff about quantum computers is fascinating. Great piece James.

4

What this guy says about quantum computing does't make sense. So, how many quantum computers does he operate? And how can he claim qc makes batteries 100 times better when battery technology is basically stale. The only acronis product I know of is some crappy acronis backup maker. Meh. The guy is just talking...

5

I just read the article - "Massa in 'advanced' talks with Williams for F1 comeback" - any truth to this?

6

Yep its also on a few other websites.

7

He may have a PHD in physics but he is poor at communicating his skills and opinions in a manner that can be understood by all.
How many people no the names of the contructors? Very few? Really? Well if there's 11 teams then there's 11 constructors and most people know the names of the teams.
Not your best interview James.

8

I, like most, understood that by "constructors" he meant the engineers and builders, who "construct" the car.

Stop being so pedantic.

9

Clearly a very smart guy, so it's quite interesting that he says that he biggest problem th sport faces is the budget inequality between teams.
Us smart fans can see it.
The smart brains can see it,
but why can't the smart-money see it?

10

another opening to collect cash from f1.

11

6 years ago I was lucky enough to interview a couple of top IT professionals working in a works team. The recurring theme of the conversation was security vs availability. Having extremely secure systems will negatively affect the ease to access those systems and that will affect the team's operation. Things have certainly changed since then but maybe the main issue remains the same. Security vs availability and striking the perfect balance between those two.

12

One should have not have to make this choice. Security vs ease of access. Security is always top priority. When it is known where the data is located, there's no problem granting access to the data. What one needs is procedures to give access to the data to those who should have access at the time when they need it.

13

To F1 teams, apparently, it isn't because they've got other priorities. Developing those procedures will take time from other tasks so it's about deciding what's more important. Also, it all depends on what use that data is to other teams or other parties. If it isn't relevant to them because they use different methods there's no point spending time to analyse it and understand it, therefore there's no point for the data to be extensively safeguarded.

14

That's understandable. I guess this is no different than any other motor racing. The data regarding the performance of the car has no historical value. It only matters "now" where "now" is the racing weekend. Next year the car is different, the conditions on the track are different. As such, because of the brevity of the data applicability, the data might not have to be protected as such. Other teams have no means to react to that data anyway on such a short notice. There are also standard methods for security that could be applied: encryption (most likely shared key, the key can be easily changed every weekend, only two cars, limited number of devices on track and a single entry point at the factory), VPN, and finally, obscurity - there's large volume of data shifted, to know what can be found in the data, one needs to know what to look for. Sensors produce huge volume of metrics, but what are those metrics... As far as FIA's access to the telemetry is concerned, they could be given the keys used by every team so they could keep the access. Such practices would be effectively enough to prevent any spoofing / unauthorized access.

Having said all of the above, I have no idea how this is done currently. Is the telemetry transmitted over the radio? Is the transmission encrypted? But it was a nice theoretical divagation 😉

I'm pretty sure all other aspects of team's operations are protected using industry standard tools and procedures.

15

i doubt they need availability... at least the way I understand it... I am pretty sure the teams use only company hardware for access. I hope this guy is wrong saying that in such a highly technological environment the security is neglected.

16

I didn't clarify it. I'm talking about availability of data. How easy it is to access it.

17

One very interesting aspect of data security in F1 is that car drawings and innovations are not copywrighted, since that to submit a copywright claim you have to provide the drawings and explain how it works.
Therefore rival F1 teams can have access to it.

18

I suppose you have a few Manor Designs for sale 😄

19

The only company interested in Manor designs is Matchbox xP

20

So Matchbox has contacted you📞.
That's really Dinky of them. I suppose Hot Wheels were not interested in all Manor of things you've got on your Dongle🎮.
So how much are they offering ?
Some free Matchbox goodies & a trip to the factory ? A tour with Mr Matchbox? 🚗🚕🚓🚐🚎🚌🚜

21

I was sorry to read a few 'negative' responses to this article. I give it a great thumbs up (so to speak!) - the guy did speak good English, clearly loves F1, was very technical and much was over our heads yet I'm glad it was kept in the piece. Good article James!

22

The problem with the technical content of this article is that there's exactly zero technical content. Sentences make him look smart to an average person who does not have any experience in the field. I'm not denying the guy is smart but what he tries to put across does not have any value.

23

+1
a very interesting read

24

A Russian expert on hacking, why am I not surprised! I can't see car to pit data encryption being allowed any time soon. The FIA need to access that data and encrypting it may allow some Benetton like skullduggery. If teams have any sense whatever, their factory computers won't all be connected to the interweb and staff should be trained not to open every email they are sent.

25

cyber attacks, should that explain Hamiltons mechanical problems?

26

hahaha good one 😀

27

Fascinating. Also very intriguing as to why the teams aren't that spooked by security.
I wonder if this guy helped Trump get elected..........hahaha

28

James, it would be fantastic if the answer notification emails were sent out when the answer is actually accepted and published.

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