Schumacher punished by Hill and stewards for illegal overtake
Scuderia Ferrari
Schumacher punished by Hill and stewards for illegal overtake
Posted By: James Allen  |  16 May 2010   |  7:03 pm GMT  |  570 comments

Michael Schumacher’s cheeky attempt to steal sixth place from Fernando Alonso in the Rascasse corner in today’s Monaco Grand Prix has been deemed illegal by the race stewards, of whom Schumacher’s former rival Damon Hill was a member.

Meanwhile his former Ferrari boss Stefano Domenicali described the move as “really dangerous.”

The safety car had been deployed for the fourth time during the final laps when Jarno Trulli and Karun Chandhok collided at Rascasse corner.

Schumacher’s move came on the final lap, as the safety car peeled into the pit lane to allow the cars to cross the finish line. Previously overtaking before the start finish line on a restart was not allowed but this year that rule has changed.

There is a new rule, which allows drivers to pass at a restart once they have passed the safety car line, which is located before the start line.

But there is an exception to that rule, which covers the closing stages of the race.

Article 40.13 of the FIA F1 Sporting Regulations states, “If the race ends while the safety car is deployed, it will enter the pit lane at the end of the last lap and the cars will take the chequered flag as normal without overtaking.”

Hill, who had many controversial run ins with Schumacher during their battles from 1993 to 1996, along with the other stewards decided that Schumacher’s move clearly breached this rule and so gave him the appropriate penalty, which is a drive through penalty.

But as it occurred in the last five laps, 20 seconds is added to the elapsed race time. This takes Schumacher out of the points and hands Alonso back his sixth place.

Mercedes has announced its intention to appeal the decision.

Ferrari’s Stefano Domenicali pointed out that to make matters worse, Schumacher’s overtake happened at the very place where the accident had occurred, namely Rascasse.

“Our reading of the regulation was that the safety car had frozen the race conditions, also because there was still a lot of debris in the last corner. Any kind of overtaking manoeuvre was really dangerous, ” said Domenicali.

Ironically this corner is indelibly attached to the Schumacher legend already, due to the incident in 2006 where he blocked the track there in qualifying.

It is the first time since his switch from Ferrari consultant to Mercedes driver that Ferrari has been on the receiving end of some of Schumacher’s competitive spirit and it was interesting this evening to observe Domenicali talking about “Schumacher” as a rival, rather than “Michael” as one of the family, as he was until last December.

* This piece has received a lot of comment. I was not suggesting that Hill alone punished Schumacher, but merely pointing out the irony of the situation that these two old rivals should find themselves in this position. Hill was one of four stewards in Monaco who reached this decision. I have amended the headline to make it clearer.

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justice has been done


This was a unfair decision by all means..whats even worst is merc don’t seem to be appealing to it.The track clearly shown green flags.MS overtook only after the safety car line..the 40.13 point which everyone keeps talking about is only applicable when the race finishes under safety car..which it clearly didn’t if the race had finished under the safety car, clearly yellow flags would have to be shown,,which were not..

so maybe green flag has a new meaning , you can overtake the other drivers but you never know when you are gonna get punished for the dont overtake at all….


Just a thought.

The SC actually made the punishment much more severe by bunching up the field.




I agree completely. Anyone aiming hate mail at Damon is frankly an idiot. The man has done a hell of a lot for the sport in many different roles. He appreciates Schumacher’s talent and what he’s achieved even though he often came off worse when they racing. There is no way that he would lower himself to such petty “revenge” for anything that had gone on in the past. Blame vague FIA rules if anything. Which is why the safety car rules are now being reviewed.


Anyone sending hate mail to anyone is not in their right mind. It’s not civilised behaviour


Safety car in this lap and green flags shown. Mercedes should appeal and win it on a technicality.

This is ludicrous, I thought we were promoting overtaking!


Surely the marshalls and the green flags are irrelevant. MS didn’t see the green flags and then think ‘OK, I’ll overtake Fernando’. He was planning the overtake long before he saw any green flags. He planned the overtake because M-B’s interpretation of the message from Race Control was that the race was going green.

Under the rule, if the race is to end under SC conditions, the SC will come in and there is no overtaking. So if the race was to end under SC conditions, there was no need for Race Control to tell the teams that the SC was coming in, because they already knew that. The fact that Race Control did say it was news. It meant that something was changing – and that could only mean that the status of the race was changing from yellow to green.

And indeed Race Control did put the lights to green. And the marshalls waved green flags. So it seems that Race Control told everybody – teams, marshalls, drivers – that the race was going green.

This may not have been Race Control’s intention, but if so it was they who messed up, not the marshalls and not M-B.


We had big discussions about this on sunday. Having german and not english as mother language we looked up the rules and stumpled above:

….if the savety car is deployed when the race ends….

But is the savety deployed after the signal,that it will be in this lap? In this lap means in 2010 that it will be in before the start line, at the savety car line.

By not saying that a savety car at start of the last lap means no overtaking the reason must be that there are two possibilities WANTED by the FIA -one with free racing and another without to the finish line.

The savety car would have come in this round and a virtuell round 79 would be free racing, signaled with green flags, and signal that SC would come in this lap(78).


The savety car would stay out for round 79 too, no overtaking, but then with yellow flags, sc-signs, and not signaling that SC would come in this lap, even it comes in.

And all this Schumacher tricking, Alonso sleeping… both had team orders and the drivers are not to flame for it, none of them.


Safety car in this lap and green flags shown. Mercedes should appeal and win it on a technicality.

This is ludicrous, I thought we were promoting overtaking!


When the safety car, entered the pitlane, it was obviously normal racing conditions as usual due to which the green flag was waved.

A green flag is waved to indicate the drivers that they can continue at racing speed, i.e. the condition of yellow flag (no overtaking) is over.

Now, as it was the last lap the regulation clearly states that there shall be no overtaking and all cars will take the chequered flag in their current positions.

So obviously if you overtake you are going to be penalied.

Now, with regard to the green flag, it must be noted that everytime the safety car enters the pitlane, the flags change to green, indicating racing speed. This as a rule happens irrespective of whichever lap the safety car enters the pits and it does not change even if it the last lap.

Please shed some light on this James.


“”If the race ends whilst the safety car is deployed it will enter the pit lane at the end of the last lap and the cars will take the chequered flag as normal without overtaking.””


Why should the sc come into the pits then if it is ending under sc rules it should take the chequered flag with the car following.

Alonso looked like he was racing and was trying to win the place back.

MSC should be given his place back, if a race is to end under SC then the SC deff takes the flag!


The marshalls had cleared the cars off the race track and were waving green flags to indicate that the track was clear. Race control knew that the track was clear and notified the teams that the safety car was coming in on lap 78. The race did not finish under the safety car as there was no cars or debris left on the race track.
Article 40.13 does not apply as the safety car was pulled in. All graphics shown indicate that after the safety car pulled in the sc graphic dissapeared, which supports Mercedes, Brawn and Michael. With the available informtion, this should not have incurred any penalty for schumacher.


You Schmacher haters out there must just keep quite!

Michael saw the green flags, waited till he crossed the saftey car line and then took Alonso before the start/finish line!

For rule 40.13 to apply, yellow flags should have been waved.

Michael saw green flags, he knows the rules back to front, fernando was napping and MS took the chance!

That’s racing! Fair and square! Michael is on the rise again, Watch Out.


So to summarise (dangerous I know):

The beginning of the final lap was under SC conditions (the SC was “deployed”). As with any lap under SC conditions, during that lap the track is either cleared or it is not cleared. If it is not clear the SC remains deployed. Rule 40.13 covers this first eventuality – race ending with the SC deployed, SC peels off and cars drive to line without overtaking.

The rules do not say that the final lap must end under SC conditions if it starts under SC conditions. If the track is clear why shouldn’t race control un-deploy the SC car (like it would on an earlier lap)? Rule 40.13 does not cover this second eventuality.

Some readers assume that the final lap must remain under SC conditions if it starts under SC conditions, but this is not what the rules say. Did race control tell the teams the SC car remained deployed until the end of the race? There’s little clear evidence of this published so far.

[40.13. IF the race ENDS whilst the safety car is deployed it will enter the pit lane at the end of the last lap and the cars will take the chequered flag as normal without overtaking.]


It is very clear to me that the rule says:

1, IF the race ends under SC conditions, THEN the SC pulls in on the end of the last lap AND there is no overtake

– so ending the race under SC conditions is a precondition of the rule to apply!

2, the FIA claims that once the SC entered the pits on the very last lap, the rule is always applicable. – for this to apply the rule should say IF the SC goes in the last lap THEN the race ends under SC conditions AND there is no overtake….

it is more than clear that the rule is not worded this way, so the credit goes to Ross who was the only one interpreting a sentence properly within the whole paddock!!!!


Good point balint, “If the race ends while the safety car is deployed” is badly worded, since this is an impossible situation.

As Rob Greening pointed out, end-of-race is defined by rule 43.1 : when 1st car crosses S/F line, and not the SC line at the end of the last lap, which would make the end of the race a procession to the finish line.

IMO, this is the only point Brawn can play on.

Rules & laws have histories, that’s one of the reasons they are not perfect & also why we have something called “case law”

The history of the sport wants it that on the last lap, if under SC, the last stretch between pit lane entrance & S/F line be used to cross the S/F in a safe, race like matter (at speed), so no overtaking aloud.

Drivers all know this. IMO, Brawn has very little to go on to make his smarty pants point stand.


To all the posters that can’t understand why some of us consider the move legal:

You make assumptions and you should be very careful in avoiding them:

– “a lap is under SC conditions if the SC STARTS the lap” That’s an assumption. The rulebook does not state this. There is only talk about “being under SC conditions, or not being in them.” The rulebook does not give (enough) detail on when a SC condition is effectively over.

You can now blame the “pro-move” people for making an assumption. 😉

Because we claim this: “A SC condition is over, as soon as the following 4 conditions are met:

-SC is off-track

-SC sign is not shown

-lights are green

-green flags are being waved

Someone already wrote some good text:

Think about the intention of race-control:

If their intention was to finish the race under a SC condition, what would they have done (correct answer: SC on track or in pits if final lap, SC sign is shown, yellow flags and yellow lights).

What if not all of these 4 conditions were met? Then there would be a debate on how many conditions need to be met and possibly which one has priority over which one.

But then look at the other intention:

If race-control wanted a sprint to the finish, what would they have done?

The 4 conditions would be:

-SC car sent into pits

-SC sign not shown

-waving green

-green lights.

We had all of these 4 conditions met in Monaco. The SC car is perhaps debatable, since it had to enter the pits regardless of the intention of race-control.

The other 3 are crystal-clear.

With what we SAW (so, only facts) on Sunday, how can one question the intention of race-control? We can only see that they met the 3 conditions for racing. How is anyone to conclude that they didn’t meant “race”? Because earlier in the lap there was a SC condition? Well, that finished the second all 3 conditions for “race” were met (SC car in being a neutral in this count).

And another argument:

If the intention was to race, but somehow by some marshalls 1 of the 4 conditions wasn’t met, e.g. a yellow flag waved, or a yellow light, then no one would have dared to overtake. Aa a racedriver to see a yellow, in flag-form or lights, acts as a red carpet to a bull: instant action (lifting off).

It would have been SO easy to only alter just 1 of the 4 conditions to make the intention “no race” crystal clear.

To have the 3-4 conditions all aligned to bring the message “please race” is a far more difficult task.


Regulation 40.13 is not open for interpretation. It simply does not apply for Schumacher’s overtake because:

The “end of the race” is defined by Regulations 43.1 and 43.2 as when the end-of-race signal is given by race control, in this case it was given as usual when Webber crossed the start/finish under 43.1 “The end-of-race signal will be given at the Line as soon as the leading car has covered the full race distance in accordance with Article 5.3”.

Not at the start of the last lap, not at the pits, not because it was “effectively over”, not when Ferrari radio says so – but the end of the race is when the end-of-race signal is given out.

Whether the safety car was deployed after the 1st safety car line and up to the end of the race is also not open for interpretation – green flags mean the safety car is no longer deployed according to Regulation 40.4: ““ALL marshal’s posts will display waved yellow flags and “SC” boards for the duration of the intervention [of the safety car]“.


OK, I have not read every single comment – but most of them. However, it seems that everyone is overlooking a couple of crucial points in the Safety Car part of the rules.



… Under certain circumstances the clerk of the course may ask the safety car to use the pit lane. In these cases, and provided it’s orange lights remain illuminated, all cars must follow it into the pit lane without overtaking …


… When the clerk of the course decides it is safe to call in the safety car the message “SAFETY CAR IN THIS LAP” will be displayed on the timing monitors and the car’s orange lights will be extinguished… As the safety car is approaching the pit entry the yellow flags and SC boards will be withdrawn and replaced by waved green flags with green lights at the Line. These will be displayed until the last car crosses the Line.


In other words the safety car had to turn off its orange lights on Sunday otherwise the following cars would have been obliged to follow it into the pits. Secondly the race director had no option but to remove the SC board and replace the yellow flags with green because that’s what the rule says.

Rule 40.13 does not obviate any of the other safety car rules – it just provides for a special case at the end of the race.

I suspect that the reason for the continued showing of the yellow flags at the end of the Melbourne 2009 race was because ‘the Line’ i.e. the safety car line was the same as the finish line. For 2010 it is someway before it.

The rules are not as clear as they could be but, in my opinion, the stewards had no choice but to interpret them in the way they did otherwise it would have been unfair to the other drivers. This is the way that other teams interpreted them and instructed their drivers accordingly.

Also, if rule 40.13 did not apply here as some are saying, then where could it ever apply?


Thanks for pointing out 40.11 for us.

Drivers know the rules, just like in any other sport. The football (soccer) player doesn’t play with his hands (except for Maradona), Tiger Woods doesn’t THROW his ball onto the green without using a wedge when in the sand, players don’t kick the ball around in basketball or run from 1st, directly to 3rd base in basebalm make passes with their hands in ice hockey, etc. etc. etc.

They know these rules. And if they are too dim headed, they have a coach to remind them…

Don’t try & make us believe all teams knew, except for Brawn & Schumacher!


“Also, if rule 40.13 did not apply here as some are saying, then where could it ever apply?”

Quite simply when the Yellow flags and “SC” boards are left out as per rule 40.4!

The rules are very clear on this situation and the SC was NOT deployed at the end of the race.


Nick said “the race director had no option but to remove the SC board and replace the yellow flags with green because that’s what the rule says.”

No – you are citing the wrong regulation in the wrong situation! He had the option depending on whether he intended the safety car to remain deployed or not after pitting. You are citing regulation 40.11, which is EXPLICITLY for the situation alone where the safety car pits because the clerk “DECIDES IT IS SAFE TO CALL IN THE SAFETY CAR” and the race is to “RESTART”. It does not apply when the safety car pits due to regulation 40.13, which contains no flag/board instructions because they are already covered in 40.4 which mandates yellows/SC boards around the course even after the safety car pits.

Nick said “Also, if rule 40.13 did not apply here as some are saying, then where could it ever apply?”

Simply, whenever the race ends while the safety car is deployed. Eg: 1) Same situation as Monaco final lap but yellow flags/SC boards to the end, 2) 2 hours are completed whilst under the safety car before the required number of laps, 3) the safety car is deployed on the final lap behind the leading car(s).


Well put and I agree. I think race direction needs to change things so that the lights stay yellow until the actual end. It is a natural reflex for a driver to go for it as soon as they see green. Photo ops are one thing – safety and clarity are another.



I’ve read through all of this now!!!

And it seems pretty clear to me that when the rules state that : “If the race ends while the safety car is deployed, it will enter the pit lane at the end of the last lap and the cars will take the chequered flag as normal without overtaking.”

There is no confusion here about the fact that if you enter the last lap under SC, then you DO NOT overtake on that lap, PERIOD.

Now, about the SC line & green light/flag confusion, the FIA definitely needs to make this clear so that no team tries to find loopholes in the rules, which I am certain is what Brawn had long found.

I think the stewarts made their point to not try and smart arse them.

But it really just makes the sport look bad & that is what I’d go against the FIA for : audiencce & therefore cash loss!


I have, of course, not read a majority of the comments but having read thru various forums, I’m sure I have the basic argument against the ruling.

I can’t fathom how anyone doesn’t understand that the pass was illegal. For goodness sake, the race was effectively over. Mercedes seem to be the only team racing (due the green and the team’s orders + improper explanation/handling of the situation). Who else attacked and/or gained a position ? Did you see the time gaps at the end of the race ? They were hardly indicative of the best drivers in the world being on eachother’s gearboxes with few hundred meters to go. Also, do you think its fair that yellows are out for the first 5 drivers then suddenly green for the remaining field ? Or how about throwing out 77 laps and having a Nascar-ish drag race to determine the final order ?

The safety car STARTED the last lap (effectively establishing the final order) and only went in to allow the cars to cross start/finish unobstructed. Sure, the new rule says you can race eachother before start/finish but thats assuming theres ANOTHER lap. It was the last lap and a parade to the finish, whats not to understand ?

An awesome opportunistic move by Schumacher over a napping Alonso ?? Give me a break. The penalty is harsh and he should be relegated back to 7th but maybe this way, everyone fully understands how the original safety car rule for the LAST lap clearly overrides the new one.


You use the word ASSUME and ASSUMPTION a lot.

We don’t deal with assumptions, we are dealing with FACTS!

Also “effectively over” is not the same as “race has ended”. The flags were never Yellow for the first 5 drivers, did you assume this as well? Flags were Green after the SC line for ALL drivers!

In the scenario you are proposing a driver can never be 100% certain it’s safe to race under Green flags. That is utterly insane.


Finally got round to watching the race, and it is telling that the whole commentary team were convinced that the race was on. Coulthard especially had recognised that there was sense in the potential for a sprint finish.

Brawn’s argument was compelling. I can understand that Race Control needed to remind the drivers that the safety car was coming in, so not to follow it to the pits (it could have been plausible to the drivers that an incident just before the pit lane involving a driver that could have been seriously hurt might have meant medical staff on the track, so a finish in the pit lane might not be unreasonable).

I think that Race Control need to put their hands up and regardless of what they intended to happen, they need to admit that they controlled the race in an ambiguous fashion.

The best solution would be for the FIA to direct the stewards to reconvene and for them to reset the positions to those at the start of the previous lap. Whether they do this by declaring that the final lap was invalid due to error by race control, or they use their discretion to disregard the rule book to reset the positions ensure a fair race, I think if that was done then I don’t think any of the teams, even Mercedes, would protest that revised result.

It would not have been right to have a sprint finish in this case, as the drivers would have been thinking about the restart rather than the marshals and the track (was Alonso stymied by oil and debris not properly cleaned up after the accident, for example?).

I am sure that the teams would then immediately agree a revised operational procedure. It does not need a rule change -because they genuinely might like the option of a sprint to the line.

Unless there was an accident on the pit straight; or in this case around the build up to the restart which made it unsafe to go racing (regardless of the final sprint being safe); or extreme weather; with the safety car line, a race can now be finished with a race. Perhaps, though, that is too much of a lottery for the teams – a bit of an IndyCar set-up.

Those FIA rule drafters do need more imagination though.


I could plough through over 500 comments,but it seems as if most fans don’t like the rule(me included).

James, any chance of a yes/no question on Polldaddy for your readers?


Say, what’s the record for reader replies in a single entry? 🙂


Over 500. We had 1500 once but there was a competition involved.


On that subject James (but a bit OT for this topic so I understand if you don’t want to post this to the thread), have you considered having a forum, and instead of accepting comments you could link each story to a new forum topic?

In order to post people will have to sign up (and therefore have a confirmed email address, or even have to be approved by a mod/admin) so if anyone posts inappropriate rubbish (spam, trolling, etc) they can be banned. You could have a few moderators to look over what’s being posted, and the vast majority of us would be happy to click a link to report a bad post to you or one of the mods to help keep things clean. But importantly you or your mods wouldn’t have to moderate every post before it gets published.

It would also enable the discussions to stay alive and be revisited long after the story has dropped off the front page. It’s also a lot easier to follow threads that are posted in time-order rather than added to throughout the long page. Catching up on just what’s been posted since your last visit is so much easier with a typical forum.

I reckon it would be a great way to continue to build on the enthusiastic community you’ve already gathered around you here.

As a web developer I have set up and maintained a few BBs for clients, they’re nice and easy to do, and very stable and secure these days (and free).

Just a thought! 🙂


Hi James,

The poster suggesting a forum has a very good point. I would highly recommend you get one too.

You use WordPress here don’t you? If so can I direct you to the Simple:Press Forum plugin It’s a great forum plugin for WordPress and packed with features.

I am part of the Simple:Press team and would be happy to lend my help if you wanted it in setting it up. It’s very easy though! Feel free to get in touch if you want to know more.


It is hugely ironic that a rule to improve the look of F1 (not have the SC cross the finish line to end a race) has inadvertently disallowed a beautiful overtake under green flag conditions.

The key phrase in the rule for me is: “If the race ends while the safety car is deployed…”

The race can not end by having the SC cross the finish line since it must enter the pits. It can only otherwise be said to be deployed if there are full-track yellow lights/flags and the SC board is shown (indeed, the steering wheel indicators should also flash yellow). Since the SC had pitted, the cars were across the SC line, and the course was green, the overtake is good.

I think Mercedes will win the appeal.

Incidently two other things 1) Damon being in the stewards room is interesting, but not relevant. 2) Trulli should be investigated for the crash with Chandhok (unless I missed that) – I think Chandhok’s lucky to come out of that one unscathed.


Since rule 40.13 was applied, in order for Mercedes to win the appeal, they will need to argue that the safety car was not deployed on lap 78, the last lap of the race.

However, the safety car was controlling the field at the beginning of lap 78. By definition, the safety car was deployed on lap 78 and therefore rule 40.13 takes effect. There were no further laps for racing to resume. I do not see how Mercedes can make a valid argument to win the appeal.

Hans Westbroek

JD: it’ll certainly be an uphill battle for Mercedes but I think they have a real possibility of winning on appeal. I appreciate that 40.13 was applied here, but I think Mercedes will try to argue that 40.13 is actually not applicable in this case. The SC was not deployed since it was off track and the course was green (in order for it to be off track and deployed, yellow flags and SC boards need to be shown).

I also think it’s all or nothing for Mercedes. The stewards are limited as to the punishment they can hand out, but a simple switch of the Alonso/Schumacher finishing order won’t happen. Either they win the appeal and Schumacher keeps his place, or they don’t, and he’s demoted to 12th (but like previous posters, I agree that MS isn’t worried about that: he’s showing his true do/die colours again – about time!)


Given this article’s headline and the time aparently taken to render a decision, wouldn’t it be ironic if it was Hill who was, in fact, arguing that the green lights and flags should prevail? I’m waiting for James to keep his promise and shed more light on the situation when he reaches home and can look into it more completely.


Because rule 40.4 has to be in effect for the Safety Car to be “deployed”

“ALL marshal’s posts will display waved yellow flags and “SC” boards for the duration of the intervention [of the safety car]“

As there were Green flags the safety car was not deployed at the END of the race. Hence rule 40.13 is not applicable.


Dangerous overtaking maneuvers? I thought that’s what Bernie Ecclestone wanted to see? MORE THRILLING OVERTAKING MANEUVERS! And sometimes THRILLING = DANGEROUS.


This is a little bit redundant but I thought it would be nice to have all the relevant regulations properly cited in one post to make it easier for other readers to reference both the relevant documents. Both documents are available in pdf format on the F.I.A. website and can be consulted for clarification. In the end, I have two concerns left.

1. Does the use of the Green flag automatically legalise overtaking whilst cars are between the safety car and finish line–after the safety car comes into the pits during the final lap of the race–considering the Article 40.13 regulation?

2. What does the phrase “If the race ends” in Article 40.13 of the Sporting Regulations mean? Does it refer to final lap as it is distinguished from “cars will take the chequered flag”?



40) SAFETY CAR (Page 24)

40.11 (Page 25)

“. . . As the safety car is approaching the pit entry the yellow flags and SC boards will be withdrawn and replaced by waved green flags with green lights at the Line. These will be displayed until the last car crosses the Line.”

40.13 (Page 25)

“If the race ends whilst the safety car is deployed it will enter the pit lane at the end of the last lap and the cars will take the chequered flag as normal without overtaking.”



2.4 SIGNALLING (Page 6)

2.4.5 Signals used at marshall’s posts (Page 9) Marshall flag signals (Page 9)

b) Yellow flag (Page 9)

This is a signal of danger and should be shown to drivers in two ways with the following meanings:

– Single waved: Reduce your speed, do not overtake, and be prepared to change direction. There is a hazard beside or partly on the track.

– Double waved: Reduce your speed, do not overtake, and be prepared to change direction or stop. There is a hazard wholly or partly blocking the track.

Yellow flags should normally be shown only at the marshal post immediately preceding the hazard.

In some cases, however, the Clerk of the Course may order them to be shown at more than one marshal post preceding an incident.

Overtaking is not permitted between the first yellow flag and the green flag displayed after the incident.

Yellow flags should not be shown in the pit lane unless there is an incident of which the driver should be made aware.

f) Green flag (page 10)

This should be used to indicate that the track is clear: it should be waved at the marshal post immediately after the incident that necessitated the use of one or more

yellow flags.

It may also be used, if deemed necessary by the Clerk of the Course, to signal the start of a warm-up lap or the start of a practice session.

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