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Posted on August 31, 2012

This weekend at Spa we will be hearing a lot about DRS and Double DRS. That is because Spa offers one of the largest boosts in lap time from the Drag Reduction System of any F1 circuit at 1.2 seconds per lap.

But beyond that, there is a gain to be had from “amplifying” the DRS effect by a secondary system such as the front wing system on the Mercedes or the rear wing system on the Lotus, which should be used in qualifying for the first time in Spa. Given the nature of the Spa circuit with its many medium and high speed corners, this could give an additional lap time gain of around 0.3s, enough to make a significant difference to grid position.

To recap, the Drag Reduction System was brought in for 2011 to help with overtaking, by allowing drivers to shed drag on the straight by opening the rear flap on the top of the wing, cutting downforce and drag and giving a top speed boost of 10 to 15 km/h, to encourage a driver to attempt an overtaking move. It is controlled by a hydraulic actuator, which raises the top flap to allow air to pass through the gap, shedding drag.

The move this year has been towards seeking ways to amplify that, by having a secondary device to shed more drag and “amplify” the effect.

Mercedes built a system into their car this year, which takes air from the rear wing when the DRS is opened and channels it through the chassis to exit via two cuts on the underside of the front wing, stalling the front wing and cutting drag on a straight or high speed corner. This will not be permitted next season.

However it seems that the Lotus system might be; all eyes will be on Lotus’ system this weekend to see what effect it has on the qualifying performance of the Lotus cars. Technical Director James Allison stopped short of confirming that they would qualify and race it, but said the team had “been focusing on ensuring that we have the capability to run the new device in Spa should we be confident enough to do so.” The confidence would come from a successful test with the device during Friday practice. They have already evaluated it in Germany and Hungary, but the Spa wing will be a different downforce level, more like a Montreal wing. Sadly the poor weather on Friday in Spa meant that they didn’t get that confidence and technical director James Allison said,

“Today’s rain prevented us from seeing how the ‘Device’ would perform in the expected race conditions. With discretion being the better part of valour we will conduct P3 tomorrow with a conventional aero package rather than attempting to squeeze Friday’s intended evaluation into the precious final practice session.”

It is important for Lotus to improve their qualifying performance consistently. Lotus’ average grid slot this season has been 6th on the grid for Grosjean, (with a best of 2nd) while Raikkonen has averaged 8th (with a best grid slot of 4th).

Unlike the Mercedes system, this innovation it does not channel air from the rear to the front wing to cut drag, instead it provides a double drag reduction on the rear wing, by chanelling air taken in from the side of the engine air intake through a channel to the top element of the rear wing, exiting via slots in the top element of the rear wing, giving a “DRS boost”.

Rivals teams think they understand how it works and in terms of legality, it could be working when the cars pass through Eau Rouge, where DRS use is banned. But as it would make the car go light through at the crest, whether you would want that effect is another matter.

McLaren technical chief Paddy Lowe said this afternoon in Spa that McLaren has been studying the Lotus idea and did not rule out McLaren using their own version “but not in the next two races,” he said.

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  1.   1. Posted By: goferet
        Date: August 31st, 2012 @ 1:33 pm 

    Really not sure the double DRS is that much of an advantage.

    I mean if it really was this great idea, every top team would be falling over themselves to come out with their own interpretation just like the F-duct was in 2010.

    Also the fact that Lotus aren’t really decided on whether they will run it or not, hell they even canned the idea in Hungary just goes to show it maybe more trouble than it’s worth.

    Having said that, for a team like Lotus that’s been struggling in qualifying, maybe every tenth counts and hence the introduction of this gadget.

    [Reply]


  2.   2. Posted By: Tom in adelaide
        Date: August 31st, 2012 @ 2:12 pm 

    Kimi won’t be able to resist trying it through Eau Rouge…. Would love to see him put it on pole!

    [Reply]


  3.   3. Posted By: Elie
        Date: August 31st, 2012 @ 3:05 pm 

    Too much rain to run it on Friday ! Damn..hope Lotus get a chance Saturday !

    “..exiting via slots in the top element of the rear wing, giving a “DRS boost”. James, are these separate slots to the existing ones for the DRS system ? I didn’t think they. Oils have different slots in top element of the rear wing. Will be interesting to see pics when there available. Thanks.- now lets hope for a dry weekend !

    [Reply]

    Elie Reply:

    My Apologies “Oils have..” should be Do they have different slots to the existing DRS.

    [Reply]


  4.   4. Posted By: James Clayton
        Date: August 31st, 2012 @ 4:24 pm 

    Why is everybody calling this a double DRS when it’s not even linked to the DRS system? All the SKY team are doing it too. It’s really misleading for the fans!

    [Reply]

    Davexxx Reply:

    Excuse my ignorance but I’m still unsure of how it works, not having read a clear description (or better, seen any diagrams or TV coverage). I understand the Mercedes one simply through seeing a ‘video clip’ on TV showing the holes when the wing moves (but NOT where the air comes out on the front wing).
    Could you describe it better?

    [Reply]

    James Clayton Reply:

    From what I understand it’s operated by liquid. When the car goes above a certain speed the device is activated and drag is therefore reduced. When it goes below the threshold it is switched off. I guess it must need to be calibrated each race so that it only ever gets activated on straights.

    So, as you can see, nothing like a double DRS system!

    [Reply]

    Jason Reply:

    I see your point but it’s not wrong to do so really. It is a system that reduces drag (DRS). It’s controlled by a clever switch, or call it nozzle inside the airflow funnel. At a certain airspeed it will redirect the air to the rear wing and stall it to a degree – reducing drag – increase speed.

    [Reply]

    James Clayton Reply:

    It is a system which reduces drag, yes. But DRS is the technical name given to the driver-operated system which is only available in qualifying and under certain circumstances during the race.

    [Reply]


  5.   5. Posted By: Rich C
        Date: August 31st, 2012 @ 6:24 pm 

    I think its really amusing, and quite telling of the current state of F1 “governance.”

    In this article in the “Innovation” section a truly innovative and completely passive idea dreamt up by Mercedes is mentioned.

    Then we see the phrase “will not be permitted next season.”

    I guess the others couldn’t make it work.

    How [expletive deleted] pathetic.

    [Reply]

    James Clayton Reply:

    I don’t think the other teams are interested. According to Gary Anderson’s blog on the BBC, which makes a lot of sense, it’s probably why they’re falling so far behind.

    [Reply]


  6.   6. Posted By: Elie
        Date: September 1st, 2012 @ 3:40 pm 

    Why oh why didn’t Lotus try the damn device.( I know it was wet Frid but they had a chance Sat ) Mclaren ran a new rear wing on JB”s car & stuck it on pole easily! . So anyone doubting the effect of DRS or even DDRS type system at a track like SPA please take note ! Excellent Effort Jenson & Especially Kami- fastest through sect 2 & first Japanese driver on front row – Congratulations!
    hope Sunday is a different ball game & Kimi get up !

    [Reply]

    James Allen Reply:

    Not enough testing.

    But don’t write Kimi off, he can win the race if he gets the start right.

    [Reply]

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